If You Saw an Alien, Would You Even Know What It Is?

What would convince you that aliens existed? The question came up recently at a conference on astrobiology, held at Stanford University in California.

Several ideas were tossed around – unusual gases in a planet’s atmosphere, strange heat gradients on its surface. But none felt persuasive.

Finally, one scientist offered the solution: a photograph.

There was some laughter and a murmur of approval from the audience of researchers: yes, a photo of an alien would be convincing evidence, the holy grail of proof that we’re not alone.

But why would a picture be so convincing? What is it that we’d see that would tell us we weren’t just looking at another pile of rocks?

An alien on a planet orbiting a distant star would be wildly exotic, perhaps unimaginably so. What, then, would give it away as life?

The answer is relevant to our search for extraterrestrials, and what we might expect to find.

What are we looking for?

Astrobiology – the study of life on other planets – has grown from a fringe sub-discipline of biology, chemistry and astronomy to a leading interdisciplinary field, attracting researchers from top institutions across the globe, and large sums of money from both NASA and private funders.

But what exactly is it that astrobiologists are looking for? How will we know when it’s time to pop the Champagne?

One thing that sets life apart from nonlife is its apparent design. Living things, from the simplest bacteria to the great redwoods, have vast numbers of intricate parts working together to make the organism function.

Think of your hands, heart, spleen, mitochondria, cilia, neurons, toenails – all collaborating in synchrony to help you navigate, eat, think and survive. The most beautiful natural rock formations lack even a tiny fraction of the myriad parts of a single bacterial cell that coordinate to help it divide and reproduce. 

And living things, unlike dirt and wind, appear to be trying to do things – eat, grow, survive, reproduce. If you’ve ever tried to squish a resilient bug, you know that it doesn’t require a complex mind for an organism to appear to want to survive.

Or for a squirrel to ‘want’ to jump from one branch to the next. Or for a plant to ‘try’ to reach towards the Sun and soak up nutrients from the soil.

Not only do living things have many intricate parts, but all of those parts have the same, common purpose ­– survival and reproduction. This combination of complex design and apparent purpose, also known as adaptedness, defines life.

What does this mean?

When we look at that photo of an alien, it’s exactly this adaptedness that would make us go: ‘Aha!’

We would see, clearly, the difference between a disappointing pile of rocks and an exciting alien – design. This is good news, because there’s only one way to get such design: natural selection.

Natural selection occurs whenever you have a collection of things (cells, replicators, birds, an imaginary species we’ll call ‘Glipgloops’) that have three properties: variation, heredity and differential success.

For example, some of the Glipgloops we posited have longer eyestalks than others (variation).

Long-eyestalked Glipgloops have long-eyestalked babies (inheritance of the variation). And Glipgloops with long eyestalks can see out of their methane holes better and therefore have more babies (differential success linked to that variation).

The result is that, over time, Glipgloops evolve to have elongated eyestalks.

This is the process by which the apparent design in nature is generated: in every generation, at every instant, individuals with traits linked to better reproduction are being ‘selected’. As a result, over time, populations consist of individuals who appear designed for the purpose of reproducing.

It’s exactly because the selection criterion is always the same that design can develop.

Imagine a car that was constructed using a different blueprint at every step – well, you likely wouldn’t end up with a car. It’s natural selection’s unwavering mantra – the contribution of genes to future generations – that allows for design to appear without a designer.

In fact, the selection criterion is so consistent, that an organism cannot be designed for anything other than contributing genes to future generations. This is why we don’t get organisms who sacrifice for the good of their species.

In general, organisms are selfish – reproducing yourself at the expense of others is a great way to pass on genes.

We do sometimes see sacrifice and cooperation in nature – but only when the benefits of cooperation come back to you, or the sacrifice benefits relatives. Relatives share genes, so a bee can sacrifice for the queen (its mother), if it means she’ll produce 100 more sisters, each carrying half the bee’s genes.

The calculus of which traits lead to more genes, and exactly when and how much to sacrifice, is precise and rigid. This is why evolutionary biologists can make mathematical models that correctly predict how many helpers a bird should allow at her nest, and how often wasps should cannibalise their siblings.

But this algorithmic rigidity of natural selection also comes in handy for the astrobiologist.

A thread should be revealing itself: life is special because of its apparent design. The only way to get design without a designer is natural selection. Therefore, aliens must be the product of natural selection. And natural selection follows certain rules, and can produce only certain kinds of organisms.

Thus, astrobiologists can use the theory of natural selection, and the mathematics of evolution, to make predictions about aliens.

Are there exceptions?

We can’t get complex life, even something as simple as a bacterium, without natural selection. Even a postorganic, computer-based alien would ultimately be the product of a product of natural selection.

But let’s consider a borderline case. Imagine a collection of replicating molecules, like tiny naked genes, on an alien planet. If these replicators made copies of themselves (inheritance), but replicated perfectly every time (no variation or differential success), you wouldn’t get natural selection.

Would this be life? Maybe, but it wouldn’t be very exciting.

For one, without variation, the molecules can never change, or become more adapted, or evolve into anything more interesting or complex. Finding bacteria or bears on a distant planet would suggest that the universe might be teeming with life of all shapes and sizes.

These replicators wouldn’t suggest anything. Even more problematic, their existence would likely be fleeting – without natural selection, they wouldn’t be able to cope with changes on their planet, and so would disappear before we found them.

The argument from natural selection is robust, even at the boundaries. This frees us up to use the same evolutionary tools we use on Earth to make predictions about life elsewhere.

Previous work in astrobiology has extrapolated from what’s happened on Earth, potentially limiting our vision to certain special features, such as DNA or carbon-based life, that won’t hold on other planets. Natural selection, on the other hand, is universal.

It doesn’t depend on DNA (remember, Charles Darwin knew nothing of genes) or carbon chemistry or the presence of water. It’s incredibly simple – it just requires a few ingredients – and it’s the only way to generate life.

A mental image of that prized photo, showing entities apparently designed to fit their surroundings, is beginning to form. We can’t say whether the grainy picture of the alien will have eyes, or limbs, or be green.

That’s not the kind of prediction good evolutionary theory can make. But natural selection tells us that its forms, goals and evolutionary pathways are constrained.

(Helen Cooper/Cambridge University)(Helen Cooper/Cambridge University)

One example posed by our team in the sketch above is what we playfully call ‘the octomite’ – a conglomerate of once-separate entities now working together to survive, reproduce and evolve.

How would we recognise an alien? It would include a hierarchy of entities, with the interests of each lower level aligned with components in levels above.

The photo we envision would show division of labour, with various parts specialising in various tasks in a mutually dependent way.

This work of incorporating evolutionary theory into our astrobiological toolkit is only just beginning. What else can Darwin tell us about aliens? Presumably quite a lot.

The photo, if and when it comes, will be something entirely exotic to the naked eye. But to the student of evolutionary biology, it might look surprisingly familiar.Aeon counter – do not remove

This article was originally published at Aeon and has been republished under Creative Commons. Read the original article here.

Scientist claims Crop circles are ‘alien messages from the future’

A scientist who has a Ph.D. in chemistry from the university Caltech, in Pasadena, California claims that Crop Circles are Alien messages and crop circles have helped mankind leading to “at least one major breakthrough the discovery of a more advanced binary code than our computers currently use”.

The “Sentence of Symbols” crop formation, measuring 1,020 feet long, was found on June 12, 1999, by U.K. crop formation researcher Charles Mallett

Crop circles are a global phenomenon. Not only have crop circles appeared all around the planet, so far, there are quite a few of these strange appearances that have never been explained.

While some crop circles are just elaborate hoaxes, created by pranksters or ‘crop circle artists’, there are some which carry a mysterious message according to some.

Crop circles have been a subject of debate among researchers and UFOlogists for years. Richard Dolan, historian, academic, author and one of the world’s leading UFO researchers said that “Some of these formations are so immense and complex as to defy reason. And after all, these decades, none of the perpetrators have been caught in the act of making any of the truly extraordinary formations.”

Interestingly, according to estimates, crop circles appear at least every week somewhere on our planet, and contrary to popular belief, crop circles are not exclusive to recent decades. Reports of mysterious formations in fields have been reported for centuries.

Now, a scientist from the Caltech, in Pasadena, California, Dr. Horace Drew who has studied the phenomenon for years claims to have discovered the alien message behind these enigmatic formations.

Dr. Drew has spent over 20 years researching crop circles and claims that there are hidden messages—from several alien civilizations—embedded inside crop circles, as an attempt to communicate with mankind.

Furthermore, Dr. Drew explains that mankind has not been able to understand them since we are not advanced enough. Dr. Drew believes some crop circles are literally images from the future.

Dr. Drew, who know resides in Australia said: “When humans want to talk with dolphins we put little bubble circles under the ocean with a generator. We watch the dolphins come up and play and investigate, and we study them.”

“US Presidents have never said to a dolphin ‘take me to your leader, I want to sign a treaty with you’ and the extraterrestrials are not interested in making a treaty with us. They are ahead of us like we are ahead of the dolphins and the whales.”

Dr. Drew also claims that crop circles have helped mankind leading to “at least one major breakthrough the discovery of a more advanced binary code than our computers currently use”.

During a conference at the UFO and Paranormal Research Society in Australia, Dr. Drew said that there are some crop circles which could be messages from mankind from the future.

On the other hand, Nick Pope former employee of the Ministry of Defense, who currently is a journalist and UFO researcher claims that Crop Circles are anything but alien.

Speaking about the phenomenon Mr. Pope said: “It was soon clear to me that while these patterns were often stunning and intricate, they were made by people.

“Some of these hoaxers plan their patterns on computers, navigate by GPS and wear night vision goggles.

“An extraterrestrial civilization is unlikely to travel halfway across the cosmos, only to start making patterns in crop fields.”

According to historian Greg Jefferys: “The number of circular features that can be reasonably confirmed as crop circles that have been so far found in the survey of the currently available 1945 Google Earth overlay numbers about one dozen. As this survey did not include more than 35% of England and excluded the known crop circle ‘hot spots’ around Wiltshire the findings are consistent with an annual occurrence of around 100 crop circles across the English countryside in 1945. This, combined with a significant body of historical records describing crop circles, gives the lie to the claims made by various to be the originators and creators of all crop circles. This, in turn, begs the question ‘If not them, then who or what is responsible for the creation of crop circles?’” (source)

Who know, maybe after all… there’s something odd about these crop circles and its really E.T. trying to tell us something.

Kepler Space Telescope Discovers 95 More Alien Planets

The exoplanet discoveries by NASA’s Kepler space telescope keep rolling in.

Astronomers poring through data gathered during Kepler’s current extended mission, known as K2, have spotted 95 more alien planets, a new study reports. 

That brings the K2 tally to 292, and the total haul over Kepler’s entire operational life to nearly 2,440 — about two-thirds of all the alien worlds ever discovered. And more than 2,000 additional Kepler candidates await confirmation by follow-up observations or analysis. [7 Greatest Exoplanet Discoveries by NASA’s Kepler (So Far)]

Kepler launched in March 2009, on a mission to help scientists determine just how common rocky, potentially habitable worlds such as Earth are throughout the Milky Way. For four years, the spacecraft stared continuously at about 150,000 stars, looking for tiny dips in their brightness caused by the passage of planets across their faces.

This work was highly productive, as noted above. But in May 2013, the second of Kepler’s four orientation-maintaining “reaction wheels” failed, and the spacecraft lost its superprecise pointing ability, bringing the original mission to a close.

But mission managers figured out a way to stabilize Kepler using sunlight pressure, and the spacecraft soon embarked on its K2 mission, which involves exoplanet hunting on a more limited basis, as well as observing comets and asteroids in our own solar system, supernovas and a range of other objects and phenomena.

For the new study, researchers analyzed K2 data going all the way back to 2014, zeroing in on 275 “candidate” signals.

“We found that some of the signals were caused by multiple star systems or noise from the spacecraft,” study lead author Andrew Mayo, a Ph.D. student at the Technical University of Denmark’s National Space Institute, said in a statement. “But we also detected planets that range from sub-Earth-sized to the size of Jupiter and larger.”

Indeed, 149 of the signals turned out to be caused by bona fide exoplanets, 95 of which are new discoveries. And one of the new ones is a record setter.

“We validated a planet on a 10-day orbit around a star called HD 212657, which is now the brightest star found by either the Kepler or K2 missions to host a validated planet,” Mayo said. “Planets around bright stars are important because astronomers can learn a lot about them from ground-based observatories.”

The new study was published today (Feb. 15) in The Astronomical Journal.

Follow Mike Wall on Twitter @michaeldwall and Google+. Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook or Google+. Originally published on Space.com.

The Reason why we stopped going to the Moon: The Alien Agenda

According to Aldrin: “On Apollo 11 in route to the Moon, I observed a light out the window that appeared to be moving alongside us. There were many explanations of what that could be, other than another spacecraft from another country or another world – it was either the rocket we had separated from or the four panels that moved away when we extracted the lander from the rocket, and we were nose to nose with the two spacecraft. So in the close vicinity, moving away, were four panels. And I feel convinced that we were looking at the sun reflected off of one of these panels. Which one? I don’t know. So technically, the definition could be “unidentified.”

Edgar Mitchell, the astronaut who participated in the Apollo 14 mission in 1971, and the sixth man to walk on the moon said “after traveling in space, I am fully confident that the aliens are watching us. I do not know how many, where and how they do it, but watching us; We see these ships at all times.

NASA’s Apollo Missions have been anything but ordinary and scientific in nature. When mankind ventured out to the Moon, a vast ocean of mysteries was ahead of us, but this ocean wasn’t explored even though we managed to land on the moon, as a matter of a fact, the ocean of mysteries seemed to have increased as there are more mysteries about the moon than we ever thought possible. Earth’s Moon has always been a much talked about subject and speculation about its secrets have always been present. We have always wondered why we have not been to the moon recently; we have all seen the mysterious images of the moon that appear to show strange constructions on the surface of the moon yet no one has reached and explored the possibilities thoroughly.

Most people believe for a fact that NASA’s Apollo missions were observed by alien beings. This theory which has been thoroughly dismissed by skeptics has been fueled by comments of Astronauts and highly ranking government officials.

In 1979 Maurice Chatelain, former chief of NASA Communications Systems confirmed that Armstrong had indeed reported seeing two UFOs on the rim of a crater. “The encounter was common knowledge in NASA,” he revealed, “but nobody has talked about until now.”

According to Armstrong, unofficially, “We were warned away.” “I cannot go into details, except to say that their ships were far superior to ours both in size and technology. They were great … and threatening “.

Many people firmly believe that not all of the images released by NASA are the actual originals taken on the moon, and many believe this is because the original images of the moon reveal structures and artifacts that would cause panic among the general public. Many believe that there are hundreds of images from NASA that have been altered in order to hide structures, moon bases, and artifact that prove there is an Alien presence on the Moon. NASA scientists Dr. Farouk El-Baz described this the best way possible when he stated that “not every discovery has been announced to the public.”

Interestingly, during the Apollo 11 mission, which was broadcast on TV, there was a gap in the live transmission that lasted for a couple of minutes. While NASA states this was due to the fact that the cameras overheated, many people believe this wasn’t the case and state that during that gap radio operators around the planet picked up a conversation between the Astronauts and NASA where Neil Armstrong talks about the presence of two giant Alien Ships that were observing the NASA astronauts from a distance. Even though NASA has never confirmed the conversation ever happened here, below, is the ‘alleged’ transcript of the conversation between NASA and Houston during the ‘Television broadcast gap’:

“Armstrong & Aldrin: Those are giant things. No, no, no – this is not an optical illusion. No one is going to believe this!

Houston: What … what … what? What the hell is happening? What’s wrong with you?

Armstrong & Aldrin: They’re here under the surface.

Houston: What’s there? (Muffled noise) Emission interrupted; interference control calling ‘Apollo 11’.

Armstrong & Aldrin: We saw some visitors. They were here for a while, observing the instruments.

Houston: Repeat your last information!

Armstrong & Aldrin: I say that there were other spaceships. They’re lined up in the other side of the crater!”

Of course, there are many other transcripts where Astronauts and ground control talk about ‘Alien Ships” that are crucial pieces of evidence in all of this.

There are dozens of theories that suggest the Moon is filled with Extraterrestrial bases and some of them are located on the far side of the moon. According to NASA Photographic Technician Donna Tietze, there are people in NASA whose job was to “airbrush and edit any anomalies found in the Moon images”.

What do you think about all of this? Is it possible that there are Alien Bases on the Moon? Could these mysterious bases (which NASA has tried very hard to keep a secret) be the reason why mankind has failed to return to the moon in recent years? And is it possible that all of the transcripts of conversations between Astronauts and NASA actually refer to Aliens and UFO’s on the Moon and in space? Let us know what you think about this subject and why YOU believe we have not been on the Moon lately. Are Aliens behind it or is it simply because we have already been there and we need to focus on going elsewhere, like Mars…?

Never-before seen images inside Tomb in Peru where alleged “Alien mummies” were found

The first ever images of the mysterious tomb—whose location has still not been disclosed— where explorers found the remains of several mummified alien bodies have been revealed.

This is the alleged entrance to the mysterious tomb, which according to Gaia.com, is where the mummified alien remains were found. Image Credit: Gaia.com

The mysterious mummified “Alien” remains are believed are believed to be around 1,700 years old and measure around 170 centimeters. The most peculiar characteristic of the mummies is that all of them have only three fingers and an extremely elongated skull.

And even though the World Congress on Mummy Studies was cited as calling the research and work “an irresponsible organized campaign of disinformation,” the group of ‘experts’ behind the discovery is convinced that they have uncovered one of the most important discoveries of the 21st century.

Interestingly, not far away from the supposed tomb, experts found a series of petroglyphs depicting strange three-fingered beings.

Image Credit: Gaia

The entire process is followed by Gaia.com which argues that up to FIVE mummified alien bodies have been discovered in a remote tomb near Nazca Peru, and they have even released a new video revealing the first ever images inside the alleged tomb.

The video also revealed the identity of the man who is said to have stumbled across the tomb while exploring the region. The video presents the man who made the discovery only as Marion who argues to have discovered the remote tomb in an undisclosed part of Peru.

Ever since the group revealed they had discovered the alien remains, they’ve been heavily criticized by scientists and archaeologists who refuse to accept the idea that they may have found evidence of “Alien mummies” in Peru. Many experts argue that the discovery is a fabricated hoax, something skeptics have still not been able to prove.

Gaia.com has still not revealed the exact location of the Tomb, nor what else was found inside.

The video posted online only indicates that a man named Mario—no surname—made a “world-changing discovery”.

The narrator of the video tells how “Mario helped with the discovery of many well-known sites in Peru since the 1990s. He knows very well what he does, and he knows what he has found, and what he has found does not belong to any known culture in South America.”

Inside the alleged alien tomb. Image Credit: Gaia

The video footage also features comments made by Jaime Maussan, one of the most prominent UFO researchers from Mexico.

Mr. Maussan said in the video “Inside this tomb, in a secret place, he (Mario) found two sarcophaguses.”

“In one of them was just pure objects. In the second one, he found two medium-sized bodies and many little bodies.”

“The big body was outside the sarcophagus.”

Mr. Maussan said in the video how Mario would not agree to be interviewed on camera.

Interestingly, the narrator of Gaia’s video states how the discoverer of the tomb believes he has just opened around ten percent of the mystery tomb, and that many more sensational discoveries could await inside.

The video footage shows what appears to be the entrance to the enigmatic tomb and the mummified remains buried in there.

Up to five ‘strange-looking- beings were found inside the mystery tomb, somewhere in Peru. Image Credit: Gaia.com

Mr. Maussan is convinced that the discovery suggests how these ‘beings’ once coexisted with humans.

He said: “These mummies were buried in human tombs, in sacred places.”

“This means that they had coexisted with our ancestors, were not enemies and had, to a certain extent, a degree of respect between both races and cultures.”

However, despite the fact that the group has presented ‘scientific’ studies and x-ray tests, many people are unconvinced by the alleged discovery of alien mummies.

Nigel Watson, author of the UFO Investigations Manual said they were “plaster of Paris fakes.”

Find out more about the discovery on Gaia’s YouTube channel.

Experts in Mexico unearth Ancient Maya statue depicting an ‘Alien’ figure

Experts have unearthed a mysterious statue belonging to the ancient Maya civilization. The curious artifact depicts ‘an alien humanoid’ holding a human head.

The statue consists of a snake that seems to surround the figure of a small ‘ALIEN humanoid’ seen in a profile view holding a human head. Notice the strange head and oval-shaped eyes.

Directors of the museum of Xiutetelco—Puebla, Mexico— have revealed the discovery of an important archaeological piece belonging to the ancient Mayan culture, which inhabited the area sometimes during 400 AD. The ‘controversial statue consists of a snake that surrounds the figure of a small ‘ALIEN humanoid’ seen in a profile view, holding a human head. Notice the strange head and oval-shaped eyes.

The fascinating piece contains four inlays of mineral such as obsidian, turquoise, jade and shell, and was found by public workers in the Maxtaloyan community— in the upper part of the mentioned municipality—while improvement works were being carried out.

According to ‘El Sol de Puebla‘, the discovery is “a fundamental sample of the Mayan culture that for a long time inhabited the region, settling in the present day municipality, leaving important vestiges.”

Rafael Julián Montiel, in charge of the museum of Xiutetelco, said that since this area is adjacent to the archaeological zone of Cantona, among other communities, more pieces of this type could be found. In the near future—and especially during construction works—experts will monitor the area in hopes of discovering similar artifacts and preventing damage to possible future discoveries.

Likewise, the director of the museum added that Maxtaloyan is home to a volcano, similar to that of the community of ‘Los Humeros’ in the municipality of Chignautla, which has already erupted in the past, warning that there is danger of the volcano erupting and burying an entire pre-Hispanic settlement.

Monitel concluded:”At the moment, more than 5 thousand pieces have been discovered in several points of this municipality. All of them have been taken care of and are exhibited in the museum, which receives a large number of visitors who are eager to learn more about the ancestral wealth that Xiutetelco has.”

Experts have not yet concluded what exactly the newly discovered figurine represents, embodied in the ancient Mayan sculpture.

This has led to the emergence of several theories among those who have had a chance to see it in person.

Some people undoubtedly see a classic “gray” alien that holds a human head while others add that the serpent may symbolize an ancient “reptilian deity.”

Many would agree that the ancient statue clearly depicts a gray alien—with his elongated head, and oval shaped eyes.

Reference: El Sol de Puebla

CIA document states “Russian soldiers were turned to stone” after Alien attack | Ancient Code

According to a declassified CIA report, a troop of Russian soldiers—who managed to shoot down a UFO—were turned into STONE by surviving aliens. The declassified report is available at the official website of the CIA.

Yup, and it’s not an excerpt from an upcoming James Cameron science fiction movie. Although James might consider it.

Ok so I know there are those who will certainly yell out fake, and for them, the link to the official document is here.

According to a set of documents provided by the CIA, Russian soldiers gunned down an Unidentified Flying Object. After the craft crash landed, its occupants—of otherworldly origin—confronted the military resulting in human soldiers turning into stone.

The declassified set of documents states how 23 Russian soldiers were ‘killed’ by as many as FIVE extraterrestrial beings after an alien encounter after soldiers gunned down the ET craft.

The declassified documents, now freely available at the official website of the CIA, is in fact a translation of a Ukrainian newspaper that wrote about the incident.

The newspaper report composed from a 250-page KGB dossier on the alleged UFO attack includes images and witness testimonies, according to the Daily Express.

The UFO is said to have appeared during military unit training in Siberia. The Alien craft was shot down using a surface-to-air missile.

The declassified report states how: “Five short humanoids with large heads and large black eyes got out.”

2 soldiers are believed to have survived the attack.

As weird as it sounds, the report states how after the UFO was shot down, five ‘otherworldly beings’ emerged from the crashed UFO. The beings merged in what was described as a massive ball of light which eventually exploded, turning 23 Russian soldiers into stone.

The declassified document states:

The KGB report goes on to say that the remains of the ‘petrified soldiers’ were transferred to a secret research institution near Moscow.

“Specialists assume that a source of energy still unknown to Earthlings instantly changed the structure of the soldiers living organisms, having transformed it into a substance whose molecular structure was no different to limestone.”

At the end of the report, a CIA agent wrote: “If the KGB file corresponds to reality, this is an extremely menacing case.”

“The aliens possess such weapons and technology that go beyond all our assumptions.”

And while there are certainly many red flags surrounding the report, one of the biggest mysteries is why the CIA held a translation of the Ukrainian newspaper report on file.

It seems that the document—although available on the CIA website—first appeared in declassified KGB files.

Interestingly, a man named Philip Schneider, who worked as an explosive engineer contracted by the U.S. government, with high-level security clearance claimed how in 1979—when he was working on the construction of a secret underground base in New Mexico—he witnessed a horrible battled between aliens and humans that resulted in 60 dead soldiers, and countless subterranean aliens fighting for their life.

Blood type Rh negative and Alien DNA: An otherworldly lineage of a species with amnesia?

Much has been said about Rh negative blood and theories which suggest, there is an enigmatic truth sealed away from public knowledge linking humans with Rh-negative blood to otherworldly origins.

“Who has fully realized that history is not contained in thick books but lives in our very blood?” –  Carl Jung

Humans have four general blood types: A, B, AB, and O; a classification derived from proteins found on the surface of cells which are basically designed to wage war against bacteria and viruses in the human body.

Whether Rh-negative blood is just a mutation or not is something that has caused debate among researchers. If it were a mutation, then why is it that people who possess Rh negative blood are known for having extra vertebrae? This, just as the blood type, is explained scientifically as being a ‘mutation’.

However, according to modern DNA sequencing, it is demonstrated that humanity as we know it, isn’t just ONE single ‘race’ that descended from the same ancestor in Africa, but a hybridized species, with a far more enigmatic truth behind it all.

Many questions have been raised in the discussion about Rh negative blood. If mankind did, in fact, evolve from a mutual ancient African ancestor, theories state that everyone’s blood would be compatible, but regrettably, this is not the case. This raises numerous questions that science alone has not been able to fully answer. Where did Rh-negative blood come from? And why is it that a Rh-negative mother carrying Rh positive children tries rejecting her own offspring? Is it possible that this can be explained by a rather controversial theory? A theory which suggests that humanity isn’t in fact one race, but a hybridized species.

The book was written by Robert Sepehr, Species with Amnesia: Our Forbidden History tells us more about the enigmatic blood type Rh-negative. Not only does Species with Amnesia suggest mankind is, in fact, a hybridized species, the author suggests that highly advanced civilizations have been on Earth before us, just to be destroyed by some great global catastrophe, as mysteriously, history tells us.

Sepehr argues that for each race that has died out, another has taken its place, with a selected few holding on to the memories and sacred knowledge of the past race. In our vanity, we think we have discovered some of the great truths of science and technology, but we are in fact only just beginning to rediscover the profound wisdom of past civilizations. In many ways, we are like an awakening Species with Amnesia, yearning to reclaim our forgotten past. –

The Basque people of Spain and France have the highest percentage of Rh-negative blood. About 30% have (rr) Rh negative and about 60% carry one (r) negative gene.

“There are 612 primate species and subspecies recognized by the International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUCN), and not one has Rh-negative blood”. – Robert Sepehr, Species with Amnesia: Our Forbidden History

Rh factors or ‘Rhesus factor’ was first discovered in the blood of Rhesus monkey. According to Sepehr, if mankind evolved from the same African ancestor their blood would be compatible, but it is not. Nearly 85% of all human beings have RH positive blood, yet ALL royal families have Rh-negative blood.

It seems that science cannot answer the question: Where did the Rh negatives come from? Are we, in fact, a species with amnesia? And is it possible that the truth behind our origins is far more enigmatic than what we think?

Many believe that Rh negative blood would be the legacy that the Anunnaki left on Earth among other things.

Interestingly, the negative RH strain is characteristic, for example, of the British royal family, which has generated controversial theories about a possible extraterrestrial lineage. although this hypothesis has not been confirmed, the disturbing questions it generates floats in the air: how civilized world would react to the fact that a small portion of the Earth’s population has a genetic code that has been altered in the distant past by highly advanced extraterrestrial beings.

New SETI Plan: Detect Alien Starships Powered by Black Holes

New SETI Plan: Detect Alien Starships Powered by Black Holes

10 hours ago__Jon Christian__Filed Under: Off World
Pixabay/NASA/Victor Tangermann

Alien Starships

To detect alien civilizations, astronomers need to make some assumptions about the forms they might take — and the traces their technological artifacts could leave behind.

An outrageous new paper by a mathematician at Kansas State University does just that, positing that a sufficiently advanced alien civilization would likely build starships powered by the radiation thrown off by small black holes — and speculating that astronomers could use gamma telescopes to spot evidence of these black hole starships.

Black Holes

The basic idea, according to mathematician Louis Crane, is that a spaceship powered by a black hole would leave distinctive spillover from gamma rays. He suggests astronomers could detect that spillover using a telescope like the orbital Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.

“If some advanced civilization already had such starships, current [very high energy] gamma ray telescopes could detect it out to 100 to 1,000 light years if we were in its beam,” Crane said in a press release. “They could be distinguished from natural sources by their steadily changing redshift over a period of years to decades.”

Game SETI Match

Crane also said, provocatively, that he believes astronomers may have already spotted several gamma ray sources “for which no natural explanation has been given.”

He also speculated about what it would mean for a civilization to be capable of creating an artificial black hole — and it sounds absolutely epic.

“To produce an artificial black hole, we would need to focus a billion-ton gamma ray laser to nuclear dimensions,” Crane said in the press release. “It’s like making as many high-tech nuclear bombs as there are automobiles on Earth. Just the scale of it is beyond the current world economy. A civilization which fully utilized the solar system would have the resources.”

READ MORE: Gamma ray telescopes could detect starships powered by black hole [Phys.org]

More on black holes as power sources: Stephen Hawking Suggests That Black Holes Could Power Our Future

A Spacecraft Just Detected a Mysterious Alien Signal That Physics Can’t Explain

China’s Dark Matter Foray
Quantum physics has seen tremendous advances and a new hunt is in place: the search for dark energy. As this search continues by American and European scientists, China continues to close the gap in scientific prowess. For example, according to recently reported results, China-led space mission has revealed auspicious symptoms of dark matter. 

Despite no direct evidence of dark matter was found, this still remains the first observational data courtesy of China’s very first mission exclusively designed for astrophysics. Welcome the dark horse in the competition.
For centuries, the hunt for dark matter has haunted the dreams of astrophysicists. Ever since Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky first discovered that the mass of all of the particles within the Coma cluster of galaxies was responsible for a mere one percent of the mass required to generate sufficient gravity necessary for the galaxy in order to protect itself from dissembling. This was the spark to a flame in the search for dark matter– physicists have inferred dark matter’s existence from this seemingly invisible existence.
The Chinese spacecraft, Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), was designed to search for the indirect decay signal of dark matter which is known as weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPS). This spacecraft was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the Gobi Desert, approximately 994 miles (1,600 km) west of Beijing, back in December of 2015. The primary tool of this spacecraft is a stack of thin, crisscrossing detector strips that assume a common arrangement which allow for the combination of observations in one direction. 
This spacecraft is even more phenomenal, for it is also capable of observing the energy, vector, and electric charge of particles which compose cosmic rays– especially electrons and positrons which are the former’s antimatter counterpart.

Forces of Cosmic Darkness
The currently enigmatic cosmic rays seem to originate from normal astrophysical phenomena such as supernovae wherever in the galaxy. However, if dark matter is truly consisted of WIMPs, these particles would sporadically annihilate each other and create electron-positron pairs. These pairs then become detectable by presenting themselves as excess quantity of matter amidst the amalgam of particles hailing from traditional astrophysical objects.
Within its first operative 530 days, DAMPE spacecraft detected 1.5 million cosmic ray electrons and positrons above a certain specific energy level. Usually, researchers expect to observe a smooth curve of particles-to-energy, however, previous experiments indicated towards an anomalous disruption within such a curve. The reason as to why this data is significant is because these results confirmed such a deviation.
Chang Jin, leader of the collaboration of the Chinese Academy of Science’s (CAS’s) Purple Mountain Observatory (PMO) located in Nanjing, said the following in a recent Science Magazine article: “It may be evidence of dark matter. We have a compelling anomaly in the high-energy section, it goes up and then goes down again.

We really didn’t expect this, and it cannot be explained by any of the existing knowledge of physics.” Chang Jin also noted that the DAMPE probe which was previously constructed for a three-year mission in space, is now expected to last five years, courtesy of the smooth functionality of both the spacecraft and its instruments.

However, be warned– there is no full guarantee that the DAMPE spacecraft will solve the dark mystery for good. According to the Science Magazine report and David Spergel, an astrophysicist at Princeton University, the Chinese adventure into the universe of dark matter will enrich our current understanding of cosmic ray acceleration, and will ultimately reveal mysterious, underlying physical processes located within the spatial shocks near supernovae and pulsars.
Continue to be fascinated by the universe.