Alien Planet Twice the Size of Earth May Be Able to Support Life


Astronomers have found a nearby “super-Earth”

An international group of astronomers discovered the planet using NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) earlier this year in the constellation Hydra, about 31 light-years from Earth, according to a statement by NASA. (One light-year is the distance light travels in a year, about 6 trillion miles, or 10 trillion kilometers.)

The exoplanet, named GJ 357 d, is believed to be around twice the size of Earth and harbor six times Earth’s mass. Located in the outer edge of its host star’s “habitable zone,” scientists believe that this super-Earth could have water on its surface.

An illustration of the super-Earth GJ 357 d orbiting its dwarf sun.

“If the planet has a dense atmosphere, which will take future studies to determine, it could trap enough heat to warm the planet and allow liquid water on its surface,” Diana Kossakowski, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, Germany, and co-author of the recent study, said in the statement.

The potentially habitable planet and two neighboring worlds were found orbiting around a dwarf star, around a third the size and mass of our own sun and 40% cooler. TESS noticed that the light coming from this small star dims slightly every 3.9 days — a clue that an exoplanet may be transiting its face.

That world is GJ 357 b, a “hot Earth” that orbits 11 times closer to its host star than Mercury does to the sun and likely has a surface temperature of around 490 degrees Fahrenheit (254 degrees Celsius).

But GJ 357 b’s possibly habitable neighbor planet soon stole the show. Further observations showed that GJ 357 d orbits its star every 55.7 days at a distance of around a fifth of Earth’s distance from the sun, and could have Earth-like conditions, according to a statement from Cornell University.

“We built the first models of what this new world could be like,” Jack Madden, doctoral candidate at Cornell and co-author of the study, said in the statement. “Just knowing that liquid water can exist on the surface of this planet motivates scientists to find ways of detecting signs of life.”

The other planet in the system, GJ 357 c, is at least 3.4 times more massive than Earth and orbits the star every 9.1 days. GJ 357 c probably has a surface temperature around 260 Fahrenheit (127 C), NASA officials said.

The team hopes to soon be able to look for signs of life on the exoplanet with future telescopes.

The study was published on July 31 in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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Kepler Mission: 5 of the Most Incredible Discoveries From NASA’s Alien-Hunting Spacecraft

On Thursday, NASA is due to make a much-hyped announcement about a new discovery from its Kepler spacecraft, the lipstick-shaped satellite that first launched in 2009 and was billed as “NASA’s first mission capable of finding Earth-size planets.” Unlike most missions, for Kepler, NASA banked all its hopes on one instrument, a photometer, which stared at 150,000 individual stars and measured tiny dips in their brightness caused when a planet slipped between the star and the spacecraft.

12_12_kepler_k2_satellite The Kepler satellite with Earth and its moon in the background. NASA

And although the Kepler mission itself formally ended after two parts failed, the satellite is still chugging along doing science under a new mission called K2, which conducts more or less the same hunt but in a larger patch of sky and while doing other work as well.

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We don’t know yet what Thursday’s announcement will bring, but here’s a recap of some of the satellite’s crowning achievements.

12_12_kepler_10b Kepler-10b as depicted by an artist. NASA/Kepler Mission/Dana Berry

Kepler-10b: The very first rocky planet Kepler discovered, this isn’t one you’d want to visit—it’s so close to its star it’s likely a toasty 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit. But for exoplanets scientists have spotted, it is incredibly small; its diameter is one and a half times larger than the Earth’s and its mass is more than four times greater. Weirdly, it might have a comet-like tail, thanks to that super-hot temperature, which scientists think may pull tiny fragments of iron and rock off its surface.

12_12_kepler16b_tatooine Kepler-16b, the first exoplanet confirmed to orbit a pair of stars. NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Hurt

Kepler-16b: A favorite of Star Wars fans, this was the first planet confirmed to orbit a pair of suns, like the movie series’ famous Tatooine. Scientists had suspected the phenomenon was plausible, but it took spotting Kepler-16b and its two stars to know for sure. And that’s a big deal for the continuing hunt for alien planets, since astronomers think about half the stars in the sky are in pairs. Kepler-16b has since been joined by Kepler-34b and Kepler-35b, two more planets, both gas giants like our own Saturn, that orbit separate pairs of stars.

Mini-Neptunes: Kepler’s planet-spotting skills gave scientists enough examples of individual planets to realize that there were two very distinct types of smallish planets: One group, up to about 1.75 times the size of Earth that are strictly rocky was expected from our own solar system. But the second group, which was nicknamed mini-Neptunes, was new, ranging between twice as large and more than three times as large as Earth and covered in gas.

12_12_kepler_mini_neptunes A sketch of the different categories of exoplanets. NASA/Kepler/Caltech (T. Pyle)

Kepler-22b: Scientists studying exoplanets get particularly excited about what’s called the habitable zone—the sweet spot distance from a star at which it’s warm enough that the planet isn’t frozen but not so hot that any water on the surface boils away. Kepler-22b was the first planet in this zone that Kepler spotted. To make matters even more enticing, the star it orbits is of the same type as our own sun.

12_12_kepler_22b Kepler-22b was the mission’s first planet in the so-called habitable zone, where liquid water can exist on its surface. NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech

Sheer quantity: The two incarnations of the spacecraft have combined forces to identify a whopping total of 2,515 confirmed exoplanets, with 30 of those being more or less the size of Earth and at the right distance from their stars to potentially hold liquid water on their surface. That’s more than two thirds of the grand total of exoplanets scientists on all projects have confirmed, 3,564.

And as for what Kepler’s next big discovery will be—well, we’ll just have to wait until Thursday to find out.

Could this ‘alien door’ unravel the mysteries of Mercury, the solar system’s most ‘volatile’ planet?

MERCURY, the tiny planet closest to the sun, has long remained a mystery.

But it’s hoped a new British-built spacecraft will change all of that, as it prepares to blast off later this month seeking answers of the solar system’s most volatile planet.

Tyler Glockner/Secure Team 10

Mercury is a planet that has baffled scientists and conspiracy theorists – who claim is it home to alien doors

The famously dark planet, which is largely made from iron, has been awash with conspiracy theories, including an ‘alien door’ and 17 ‘alien domes’ that were spotted on its surface.

The mission, BepiColombo, one of the most ambitious ever undertaken by the European Space Agency, hopes to set the record straight and unravel many unanswered questions about Mercury.

Costing £1.4bn, it will take seven years for two orbiters to explore the planet where temperatures can reach a fiery 500C.

It is only the third ever mission to Mercury, following Mariner 10 in 1973 and MESSENGER – which stands for MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging – in 2004.

The scientists working on the new spacecraft hope to “piece together a bigger picture of the Solar System and our place in it”.


An artists’ impression of the BepiColombo spacecraft

A tale of two extreme temperatures

Mercury is the smallest planet in our Solar System, taking the accolade from Pluto in 2006 after it was downgraded to a ‘dwarf planet’.

It is the closest planet to the sun, and has a radius of just 1516 miles – slightly less than the distance between London and Moscow.

Scientists describe it as a “place of extremes”: on the half facing the sun, it has a scorching temperature of 510°C, while the night side freezes at –210°C – because of this, it is believed to be unable to support life.

Its axis has very little tilt so its polar regions don’t receive much direct sunlight – in fact some of the craters in this area are kept forever dark.

Mercury looks grey to our eyes – but it is a planet of extremes

Due to these quirks, the planet has long baffled scientists.

The MESSENGER mission showed that Mercury was shrinking, and that its core has more iron in it than any other planet in the solar system.

What scientists do know is planets that form near each other have similar interior structures.

Venus, Earth and Mars all have small, dense metallic cores at their centres which are surrounded by a thick blanket of rock.

However, Mercury is missing most of its rocky sheath – and scientists don’t know why this is.

What sets Mercury – the blue planet here – apart from many others is the fact that it is mostly metal

Theories include Mercury forming elsewhere then migrating towards the centre of our solar system, that it had a collision with another planet or asteroid that scraped its skin of lighter material.

Essentially, there is a secret in Mercury’s past to explain why it’s mostly metal – and it’s something this latest mission could potentially uncover.

Alien doors and second suns

As it has such an unusual structure, it’s little surprise Mercury has been the focus of conspiracy theories.

Mercury passing the sun: the planet has been the focus of conspiracy theories

Two years ago, self-described alien fanatic Scott C. Waring was looking over some photos of the planet when he spotted what he believed to be a “black doorway” he estimated to measure 3.4 miles long on its surface.

“It is long and rectangle in shape with four almost perfect right-angled corners,” he said at the time.

“Unless meteor cubes are pummelling planets, this seems to be made by ancient aliens.

“That is a giant doorway for giant ships to travel through.”

NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

Images of Mercury taken with Infrared technology during the MESSENGER mission

That same year, Waring also wrote on this blog that he could see 17 “domes” on the edge of craters on Mercury, after looking at close-up images taken by NASA.

Again, he believed these were structures created by ancient aliens.

An alien expert said these mounds were domes built by ancient extra-terrestrials

While Paul Cox, an astronomer, claimed in 2016 that there is a “second sun” in our solar system, that NASA has been deliberately keeping secret.

During an eight-hour live broadcast, he showed a live feed of his telescope examining the planets.

Pointing to a black dot – Mercury – he said it wasn’t the planet but in fact another sun.

“I don’t know if you knew that we had a second sun,” he said. “But there it is. It is normally hidden from view. NASA and other organisations usually hide that stuff away from us.”

During his ‘Transit of Mercury’ video, Cox also alluded to the Planet X theory, which says that a broken planet will come from behind this sun, eventually crashing into Earth and wiping out humanity.

When Mercury is in ‘retrograde’ astrologers believe it causes problems on Earth

And keen astrologers will be familiar with the ‘Mercury Retrograde’ theory – an illusion where the planet appears to travels backwards three to four times a year.

When this happens, it’s believed to cause chaos on Earth and meddle with technology, travel and communication.

Years that are shorter than a day

Strangely, one day on Mercury (sunrise to sunrise) is longer than one year on Mercury (one orbit around the Sun).

This is because while it orbits the Sun quickly, it rotates more slowly on its axis. It can travel around the Sun in 88 Earth days, but takes double that – 176 Earth days – to spin round on its own axis.

Mercury’s years are shorter than its days

And its unusual year isn’t the only odd thing: the surface of the planet is a mix of giant plains, impact craters and imposing ridges, some of which are hundreds of miles long and more than a mile high.

One astronomer at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, Jim O’Donnell described these as “geological features we don’t see on other planets”, and adds that “no one knows how they formed”.

The surface of Mercury is covered in craters

Scientist Professor Emma Bunce, who is working on the BepiColombo project which will map every part of the planet’s surface – says the MESSENGER mission supplied some answers, but “also raised more questions”.

“However, one thing Messenger taught us is that there are many volatile substances on Mercury’s surface,” she says. “This is a puzzle because the heat of a major impact should have burned these volatiles (substances such as sodium, potassium and chlorine) away.”

Another mystery is the fact that there is X-ray florescence – a bit like the Northern Lights – on the planet’s ‘dark side’, despite there being no sun there.


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This, Professor Bunce says, is another unusual scenario in the solar system that we can study to learn more about Earth and how the Universe formed.

“We want to understand how the solar system works and how it was formed,” says Professor Bunce.

“Knowing how Mercury has survived will help us piece together a bigger picture of the solar system and our place in it.”

Images From Roswell? An Alien Craft With Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Greek Letters & Handprints To Steer – Collective Evolution

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It’s great to see the topic of UFOs and extraterrestrials amass more credibility as the years pass. It receives little attention from the mainstream, at least beyond ridicule, so this may come as a surprise to some, but there are hundreds of high ranking people who have come forward to tell the world that UFOs are not only real, but also that some of them are in fact extraterrestrial in origin.


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There are too many examples to choose from, such as a former Chief of Defence and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee telling us that “we are being visited, and have been visited by people from outer space.” More recently, Louis Elizondo, a former National Counterintelligence Executive and Director of National Intelligence, became the Director of Global Security and Special Programs for Tom Delonge’s recently launched To The Stars academy, just one week out of retirement.

Other high ranking executives from the intelligence and aerospace community have also joined this program, including Steve Justice, the recent director for Advanced Systems Development at Lockheed Skunk Works. They aim to let the world know that we are not alone, and that there are highly advanced technological objects in our atmosphere performing maneuvers that defy our laws of physics.

Here is a recent video of them speaking during a live broadcast, where Elizondo mentions that through is work, he learned “the phenomenon is indeed real” and it deals with a physics we have yet to understand, and also that there are technologies within the Black Budget world that could benefit humanity.

“There is another way, whether it’s wormholes or warping space, there’s got to be a way to generate energy so that you can pull it out of the vacuum, and the fact that they’re here shows us that they found a way.” 

–  Dr. Jack Kasher, Ph.D, Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Nebraska (source)

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“Yes there have been crashed craft, and bodies recovered. . . . We are not alone in the universe, they have been coming here for a long time. . . . I happen to be privileged enough to be in on the fact that we have been visited on this planet, and the UFO phenomenon is real.”

– Doctor Edgar Mitchell, 6th man to walk on the moon (source)(source)(source)

For someone who hasn’t spent time researching this subject, it might be hard to believe that an actual extraterrestrial craft crash landed on planet Earth. But when you take into account the above statements, especially the most recent coming from Tom Delonge’s team, along with hundreds of thousands of documents that show these objects are commonly tracked on radar, and military jets are constantly scrambled to check them out, it becomes far more plausible.

The Roswell incident is one of dozens, if not hundreds of downed extraterrestrial craft resulting from human aggression. This is better explained by Paul Hellyer, Canada’s former Minister of National Defence: “Decades ago, visitors from other planets warned us about where we were headed and offered to help. But instead, we, or at least some of us, interpreted their visits as a threat, and decided to shoot first and ask questions after.”

Elizondo shares a similar story, stating that one of his jobs was to track and observe these objects, as he was head of the program which investigates “aeriel threats.”

To The Stars will be working directly with the U.S. government to release authentic videos and images of real UFOs to the public, but there are already many credible videos and photos of these objects, and it’s a shame they must come from a government authority in order for people to deem them credible. This is a problem within itself, as our government has deceived us on so many topics, on so many levels, making it extremely difficult to trust their intentions on any subject, be it UFOs or terrorism. For now, we’ll just have to wait and see where this initiative goes.

Again, threat is the main word here. It’s impossible to say whether these objects represent a genuine threat to humanity or not, but to assume they do without learning more is unwise.


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There is evidence proving the existence of this kind of exotic technology that dates back to before the Second World War. A classic example would be the CIA keeping tabs on developments in Germany, as explained by this document, which looked into “a German newspaper” that “recently published an interview with George Klein, famous engineer and aircraft expert, describing the experimental construction of ‘flying saucers’ carried out by him from 1941 to 1945.” 

Here is an authentic image/story of a large UFO hovering over L.A., which was witnessed by 1 million people. Dubbed the “Battle of Los Angeles,” it was an event that showed us how the U.S. military was learning to lie about UFOs five years prior to the Roswell Incident, which occurred in 1947.

So, as you can see, there is a lot to this.

The Actual Craft

One of the best individuals to learn about the Roswell incident would be Stanton Friedman, a retired nuclear physicist and longtime UFO researcher. He’s authored many books, one of them being Crash at Corona: The Definitive Study of the Roswell Incident with Exclusive Testimony on a Second New Mexico Crash Site. 

This book explores Egyptian Hieroglyphics and characters from the Greek alphabet which are said, according to researchers like Friedman, to have adorned the crashed spacecraft’s exterior.

Longtime U.S. army veteran Colonel Philip James Corso also published a book titled The Day After Roswell, where he details the same information and other aspects about the bodies, and extraterrestrial technology that was recovered.

According to the above sources and some of the folklore, the craft featured handprints like those in the picture you see below. These pictures are the real deal, according to Tom Delonge in a recent podcast he did with Joe Rogan.

When it came time to back-engineer the craft, no engine was discovered, but pilots placed their humanoid hands in these slots and guided the craft using their mind — a type of telepathic technology that we ourselves have yet to discover.


Below is another supposed piece of the craft; Delonge and researchers call it “Eleptheria,” which translated to freedom.


Strange Markings on Craft Are Nothing New

While we’re on the subject, here’s another interesting story from Daniel Sheehan, a Harvard trained Constitutional Litigation and Appellate Attorney. Over the past forty four years, he has worked as a Federal Civil Rights Attorney, author, public speaker, and educator.

Dan’s most well-known case at the Cahill-Gordon Law Firm was the landmark First Amendment case New York Times, Co. v. U.S. (the “Pentagon Papers Case”), in which The New York Times — and The Washington Post — won the right to publish a classified Pentagon study revealing the secret history of the Vietnam War. Dan served as Co-Counsel. He also served as Special Counsel before the United States District Court for the District of Columbia in the Watergate Burglary Case.

You can read his full biography here.


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Scientists have found an Alien code in our DNA: Ancient Engineers

Researchers who worked for 13 years in the Human Genome Project indicate that they came across an amazing scientific discovery: They believe that the so-called 97% of non-coding sequences in the human DNA is nothing less than the genetic code of extraterrestrial life forms. Originally referred to as “Junk DNA” its function remained a mystery for researchers. Now researchers believe that our DNA is extraterrestrial in origin.

After extensive analysis with the help of other researchers in diverse fields such as mathematics, chemistry and programming, Maxim A. Makukov of the Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute have ventured out and asked if there is a possibility that, what we call “junk DNA” is actually some sort of extraterrestrial code, created by an “Alien” programmer.

According to researchers from Kazakhstan, “Our hypothesis is that a more advanced extraterrestrial civilization was engaged in creating new life and planting it on various planets. Earth is just one of them.”
The researchers indicate that “What we see in our DNA is a program consisting of two versions, a giant structured code, and a simple or basic code.”

The team of researchers believes for a fact that the first part of our DNA code was not written on Earth and according to them it is verifiable. Secondly and most importantly, genes alone are not enough to explain the evolution/abrupt evolution process and there must be something more in ‘the game’.

According to Makukov “Sooner or later,” “we have to accept the fact that all life on Earth carries the genetic code of our extraterrestrial cousins and that evolution is not what we think it is.”

The implications of these scientific findings reinforce claims by other individuals and observers that claim to have had contact with aliens that look like humans. Human-like aliens could have provided some of the genetic material necessary for human evolution.

Quote from News.Discovery: This interpretation leads them to a farfetched conclusion: that the genetic code, “appears that it was invented outside the solar system already several billions years ago.” This statement endorses the idea of panspermia, the hypothesis that Earth was seeded with interstellar life. It’s certainly a novel and bold approach to galaxy conquest if we imagine this was a deliberate Johnny Appleseed endeavor by super-beings

Researchers in Kazakhstan believe that the human DNA was encoded with an alien signal for an ancient extraterrestrial civilization, and they refer to it as “Biological SETI”. The mathematical code in the human DNA cannot be explained by evolution. Basically, we are living and breathing holders of some sort of alien message that can be used, in a much more efficient way than using Radio-signals, to search for Extraterrestrial life.

Once the code had been set, it would remain unchanged in cosmological time-scales, in fact, researchers believe that our DNA is the most durable “construction” known, and that is why it represents an exceptionally reliable and intelligent storage for an alien signature, according to an article in the journal Icaurs.

Writing in the journal Icarus, they assert: “Once fixed, the code might stay unchanged over cosmological timescales; in fact, it is the most durable construct known. Therefore it represents an exceptionally reliable storage for an intelligent signature. Once the genome is appropriately rewritten the new code with a signature will stay frozen in the cell and its progeny, which might then be delivered through space and time.”

Scientists believe that the human DNA is arranged in such a precise way that it reveals a “set of arithmetic patterns and ideographic symbolic language”. These studies have led scientists to believe that we were literally invented “outside of Earth” several billions of years ago.

These ideas or beliefs are anything but accepted in the scientific community. Yet these studies have proven what some researchers have talked about for decades, that evolution could not have happened on its own, and that there is something extraterrestrial to our entire species. Is our entire history wrong?

One mystery that would remain as THE GREAT QUESTION is, if extraterrestrial beings did, in fact, create the human race and life on planet Earth, then “who” or “what” created these extraterrestrial beings?

2020 Mars Helicopter Could Open Alien Skies to Exploration | Space

A few brief hops in the Martian air two years from now could help open alien worlds to an entirely new kind of exploration.

An autonomous mini-helicopter will fly with NASA’s Mars 2020 rover mission, which is scheduled to launch in July of that year and land on the Red Planet in February 2021. 

The bantam chopper is a stripped-down technology demonstration, and it will make a maximum of five short sorties in the Martian atmosphere. Success in this pioneering work would be a big deal, extending the reach of humanity’s robotic explorers, which are currently restricted to the surfaces of alien worlds or the dark realms far above them.

“We envision helicopters opening doors to new types of exploration on Mars,” Håvard Grip, flight-control and aerodynamics lead for the Mars Helicopter, said Wednesday (March 20) during a presentation with NASA’s Future In-Space Operations (FISO) working group.

One day, more-advanced versions could serve as scouts for rovers or explore the Red Planet on their own, added Grip, who’s based at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology, which are both in Pasadena. 

“In the future, we could imagine doing things like [engaging in] regional exploration using multiple helicopters or going to inaccessible areas or biologically sensitive areas using small helicopters,” he said.

The Mars Helicopter weighs 4 lbs. (1.8 kilograms) and has a body about the size of a softball. It carries a range of avionics and communications gear, a small solar panel, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, “survival heaters” to keep its electronics warm through the frigid Martian night, and a navigation camera.

The helicopter doesn’t have any science instruments, but it is outfitted with a high-resolution color imager.

“That’s, so to speak, the payload,” Grip said. “That’s what we [use to] take pretty pictures and send them back to Earth.”

The helicopter will travel to Mars attached to the belly of the car-size 2020 rover, which will hunt for signs of ancient Red Planet life and collect and store samples to return to Earth in the future, among other tasks. 

A month or two after the rover lands on the Red Planet, the chopper will drop down and hit the dirt itself. The little vehicle will then make a series of short flights, each of which will last about 90 seconds and reach a maximum altitude of 16.5 feet (5 meters) or so, Grip said.

These sorties will be made between 330 feet and 3,300 feet (100 to 1,000 m) away from the rover — far enough away to pose no collision danger, but close enough to be in communications range. (The helicopter will talk to its handlers on Earth via the rover.)

Success would be quite an achievement, considering that the Martian atmosphere is just 1 percent as dense as that of Earth at sea level. Cruising just above the Martian surface is equivalent to flying at an altitude of 100,000 feet (30,000 m) here on Earth, more than twice as high as any helicopter has ever gotten. (The handicap imposed by the thin air is only partially offset by the Red Planet’s lower gravity, which is 38 percent that of Earth, Grip said.)

To generate enough lift, the Mars Helicopter sports two stiff rotors that measure 3.9 feet (1.2 m) long — pretty much as big as the team could make them, Grip said. And the rotors will spin at 2,400 revolutions per minute, about 10 times faster than the blades of a chopper on Earth, mission team members have said.

The team has put this design through its paces many times in Mars-like conditions here on Earth, Grip said. Indeed, the little craft is pretty much ready to go.

“The flight model is built and more or less tested,” Grip said.

The ultimate test, of course, will come on Mars.

“The Mars Helicopter’s initial flight will represent that planet’s version of the Wright brothers’ achievement at Kitty Hawk and the opening of a new era,” Susan Gorton, manager of NASA’s Revolutionary Vertical Lift Technology project, which has been working with the Mars Helicopter team, said in a statement last week. 

“For those of us whose research revolves around all things related to flight, that would be a remarkable, historic moment,” Gorton added.

Such historic moments may not be limited to Mars’ skies. NASA is considering launching a quadcopter lander to Titan, Saturn’s huge, haze-enshrouded moon. This mission, called Dragonfly, would fly from spot to spot on Titan, investigating the complex chemistry occurring on the potentially life-supporting moon.

Dragonfly is one of two finalists for a mid-2020s launch slot under NASA’s New Frontiers program of medium-cost missions. The other contender is a comet sample-return mission called CAESAR. NASA is expected to announce its selection later this year.

The Mars Helicopter and Dragonfly teams have not collaborated to date, Grip said.

Mike Wall’s book about the search for alien life, “Out There” (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), is out now. Follow him on Twitter @michaeldwall. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or Facebook

Study claims ancient alien civilizations may have existed

In brief, researchers explained that “…other intelligent, technology producing species is very likely to have evolved before us.” Scientists suggest that even one chance in a trillion indicates that our civilization on Earth has happened around 10 billion other times over cosmic history.

The million dollar question when it comes to aliens is of course: Is there life other than ours existing in the vast universe? This question leads to numerous other sub-questions like, if there is life elsewhere, how long have these alien civilizations existed, and can they communicate with us?

For Centuries, people have wondered and imagined whether or not there is life beyond planet Earth.

Giordano Bruno an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist proposed that the stars were just distant suns surrounded by their own exoplanets and raised the possibility that these planets could even foster life of their own. Furthermore, he also insisted that the universe is in fact infinite and could have no celestial body at its “center”.

In 1593, Bruno was tried for heresy by the Roman Inquisition on charges including denial of several core Catholic doctrines, including eternal damnation, the Trinity, the divinity of Christ, the virginity of Mary, and transubstantiation.

Bruno’s pantheism was also a matter of grave concern.

The Inquisition found him guilty, and he was burned at the stake in Rome’s Campo de’ Fiori in 1600.

The Drake equation, proposed by astronomer Frank Drake in 1961 tackles the most important questions regarding alien life and addresses the outlines and variables that are needed for a technologically superior civilization out there to communicate up with us. We’d all probably agree that crop circles aren’t the best option, right?

A study, published in the journal Astrobiology indicates that with the sheer number of alien planets that have been discovered in recent years, it’s time to look at things from a different perspective, simplifying the equation proposed by Drake.

The study has shown that alien civilizations were vast although likely extinct, but which could hold clues as to how humans could extend our civilization.

Researcher and University of Rochester professor Adam Frank said that while we already have for a long time estimated how many stars exist, what is uncertain is how many of those had planets potentially harboring life.

Likelihood of ADVANCED ALIEN life arising on a planet

Interestingly, Adam Frank and his co-author Woodruff Sullivan of the University of Washington imagined space where mankind on Earth is the only surviving civilization out there. They applied this to the number of stars, they obtained a probability of one in 10 billion trillions, or just one in 60 billion if in the Milky Way alone.

“Other intelligent, technology producing species is very likely to have evolved before us,” researchers explained, suggesting that even one chance in a trillion indicates that our civilization on Earth has happened around 10 billion other times over cosmic history.

This means that unless a civilization lasts longer than Earth’s –approximate 10,000-year-old civ— over the 13-billion-year existence of the universe, others have likely become extinct.

CIA document states “Russian soldiers were turned to stone” after Alien attack

According to a declassified CIA report, a troop of Russian soldiers—who managed to shoot down a UFO—were turned into STONE by surviving aliens. The declassified report is available at the official website of the CIA.

Yup, and it’s not an excerpt from an upcoming James Cameron science fiction movie. Although James might consider it.

Ok so I know there are those who will certainly yell out fake, and for them, the link to the official document is here.

Weird huh? Image credit

According to a set of documents provided by the CIA, Russian soldiers gunned down an Unidentified Flying Object. After the craft crash landed, its occupants—of otherworldly origin—confronted the military resulting in human soldiers turning into stone.

The declassified set of documents states how 23 Russian soldiers were ‘killed’ by as many as FIVE extraterrestrial beings after an alien encounter after soldiers gunned down the ET craft.

The declassified documents, now freely available at the official website of the CIA, is in fact a translation of a Ukrainian newspaper that wrote about the incident.

The newspaper report composed from a 250-page KGB dossier on the alleged UFO attack includes images and witness testimonies, according to the Daily Express.

The UFO is said to have appeared during military unit training in Siberia. The Alien craft was shot down using a surface-to-air missile.

The declassified report states how: “Five short humanoids with large heads and large black eyes got out.”

2 soldiers are believed to have survived the attack.

As weird as it sounds, the report states how after the UFO was shot down, five ‘otherworldly beings’ emerged from the crashed UFO. The beings merged in what was described as a massive ball of light which eventually exploded, turning 23 Russian soldiers into stone.

The declassified document states:

The KGB report goes on to say that the remains of the ‘petrified soldiers’ were transferred to a secret research institution near Moscow.

“Specialists assume that a source of energy still unknown to Earthlings instantly changed the structure of the soldiers living organisms, having transformed it into a substance whose molecular structure was no different to limestone.”

At the end of the report, a CIA agent wrote: “If the KGB file corresponds to reality, this is an extremely menacing case.”

“The aliens possess such weapons and technology that go beyond all our assumptions.”

And while there are certainly many red flags surrounding the report, one of the biggest mysteries is why the CIA held a translation of the Ukrainian newspaper report on file.

It seems that the document—although available on the CIA website—first appeared in declassified KGB files.

Interestingly, a man named Philip Schneider, who worked as an explosive engineer contracted by the U.S. government, with high-level security clearance claimed how in 1979—when he was working on the construction of a secret underground base in New Mexico—he witnessed a horrible battled between aliens and humans that resulted in 60 dead soldiers, and countless subterranean aliens fighting for their life.

Source: CIA

Mysterious UFO has been spotted hovering over the Alien Hotspot Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

A strange and mysterious unidentified flying object hovered over the well known alien hot-spot known as the Wright-Patterson Air Force base, located in Ohio. The UFO hunters have not only seen it, but released a video about the incident.

Strange and bizarre footage has been uploaded to YouTube. Within the clip, there are reports displaying a dark UFO hovering in the cloudy skies just over the United States military base. And yes, it has gone completely viral all over the Internet.

The footage in the film below was filmed Wednesday, May 25th. A couple, who happened to be watching the sunset from the comfort of their own home, and according to the ‘professional UFO YouTube hunters’ known as “Secureteam10,” uploaded  the clip on May 28th, 2016.

The SecureTeam10, one of the biggest UFO conspiracy theory YouTube channels, has described themselves as “the research team bringing exposure of the alien phenomenon and those trying to hide it back to the masses.”

The Wright-Patterson Air Force base, is indeed considered that of a UFO hot spot, mostly due to the long history of sightings reported, dating as far back as the Second World War.

Other conspiracy theorists have actually claimed that the local base did in fact possess a top-secret alien tech storage hanger labeled “Hanger 18,” which was off limits to the general public, so much so that not even Senator Barry Goldwater, who holds a top-security clearance, was not allowed to enter.

We can see other conspiracy theorists allege that this so called “above-top-secret” facility had also, at the time, held several alien corpses.

This alleged ‘fact’ follows the UFO crash in Roswell,1947. The story suggests badly burned remains of unknown alien astronauts salvaged from a mangled UFO; then moved by flatbed truck to the popular Area 51 facility, located in Nevada. The conspiracy theorists have claimed that these aliens, in which are described as small beings possessing large heads and gray tinted skin, had supposedly been flown to Hanger 18 for more postmortem analyses’, as well as scientific studies.

Open Minds TV had reported back in July 2014, that a related grandchild of a specific woman that had happened to reside at Dayton, Ohio, had come forward with a full testimony. This case was filed as “Case 58327,” which remains in the archives of the many Mutual UFO Network (MUFON). The testimony states that her grandmother had indeed confirmed that a senior ranking official located at the base of the crashed UFO, did possess these alien bodies recovered from the famous Roswell crash, to be stored at the Ohio military base.

The witness also stated that her grandmother had obtained the secret information back in 1960 from a close friend, which happened to have been a high-ranking officer working at the base. Her friend had retired from the base shortly afterwards. “A close friend retired from Wright Patterson Air Force base, he was high ranking. My grandmother asked him it if were true about the alien craft and possibly the alien bodies being stored at the base” said the witness.

If the public knew what was at the base from the Roswell incident, there would be a general panic amongst the public,” was the official alleged response.

A study of UFO Phenomenon that was conducted from 1952 onto 1969, revealed that the top-secret Wright-Patterson Air Force Base had recorded more than 12,500 strange aerial sightings between the years of 1947 and 1969.

The exact details of this Project Blue Book program had finally arrived to the general public in 2015; over 100,000 pages of documentation related to the project had been released following a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request.

The UFO with the latest alleged sighting that had been reported by the SecureTeam10, has an oddly shaped and very sharp pointed lower end. Strange markings line its sides. It hovers in the air for several minutes.

The women that had filmed this bizarre footage with her cellphone, appears to be in shock.

You can clearly hear the woman stating in the footage, “What the f**k is that?” She continues to add “It looks like it is moving with the clouds.” She continues by stating “That’s f**king crazy.”

As she tries to zoom in on the camera for a closer view of the floating object, the UFO appears to sense that it was being observed. It suddenly moves and proceeds to hide behind the thick clouds, doing nothing more than conjuring more expletives from the several viewers from down below.

The woman screams “Oh my God, it f**king disappeared.”

The SecureTeam10, with narrator Tyler Glockner, had described the footage as “mind-blowing.” He also claims that the “three separate” witnesses had also filmed the exact same UFO, and oddly enough, at the exact same location just before the latest sighting. Thus, providing a corroborating of the testimony from the latest witnesses.

It’s the same UFO. I am simply amazed; we have someone corroborating this sighting,” Glocker says, “There is no doubt in my mind this is either an alien craft or a very, very strange drone – which I highly doubt.”

He also goes on to suggest that it could be a top-secret USAF Black Project craft, which is being reverse-engineered from strange alien technology.

Glockner’s speculations on the video did in fact spark some online discussion, mostly with loyal and faithful followers of his channel agreeing, as they usually do, that the revealed footage does likely provide details of an unknown alien aircraft and that it does provide the viewers with evidence of a government attempting to cover up some sort of evidence of alien visitations to planet Earth.

This is the best footage and something is about to go down,” stated a fan enthused by the video clip. “Did you see the face as the camera zoomed in? Oh man…The government is not your friend.” He continues.

The video belo “Alien Saucer UFO jumps Dimensions over Military Base” below is of another source of this incident.

Other fans of the YouTube channel had spotted other UFO’s within the footage that the SecureTeam10 had “missed.”

They are coming everyday more and more! They have already been here forever but more aliens are coming every day!” Stated a fan in excitement.

While a few of the Christian-based fans declared that the UFO’s were that of demons and had warned UFO hunters to “place their faith in Christ” rather than in that of aliens.

However, both critics of the SecureTeam10 have, alleged that the newest leaked footage from this remarkable prolific UFO hunter is that of a fake. A very skeptic person commented “video editing and bad acting”

Sources: Inquisitr, SecureTeam10, YouTube, Mirror, DailyMail, About, OpenMindsTV, MUFONCMS, FBI Vault, Black Vault.

This article (Mysterious UFO has been Spotted hovering over the alien Hotspot Wright-Patterson Air Force Base) is a free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and AnonHQ.

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New Paper Describes How We Could Detect Alien Spacecraft Powered by Black Holes

In the course of looking for possible signs of Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (ETI), scientists have had to do some really outside-of-the-box thinking.

Since it is a foregone conclusion that many ETIs would be older and more technologically advanced than humanity, those engaged in the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) have to consider what a more advanced species would be doing.

A particularly radical idea that has been suggested is that spacefaring civilizations could harness radiation emitted from black holes (Hawking radiation) to generate power.

Building on this, Louis Crane – a mathematician from Kansas State University (KSU) – recently authored a study that suggests how surveys using gamma telescopes could find evidence of spacecraft powered by tiny artificial black holes.

The study, “Searching for Extraterrestrial Civilizations Using gamma Ray Telescopes“, recently appeared online. This is the second paper published by Dr. Crane on the subject, the first of which was co-authored by Shawn Westmoreland (a physics grad student with KSU) and published in 2009 – titled “Are Black Hole Spacecraft Possible?”.

In the first paper, Crane and Westmoreland explored the possibility of using Hawking radiation from an artificial black hole. They concluded that it was at the edge of possibility, but that quantum gravity effects (which are currently unknown) could be an issue.

In her most recent paper, Crane took things a step further by describing how the resulting gamma-rays such a system would produce could aid in the search for ETIs.

The concept of a black hole-powered spacecraft was first introduced by famed science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke in this 1975 novel, Imperial Earth. A similar idea was presented by Charles Sheffield in his 1978 short story, “Killing Vector”.

In both cases, Clarke and Sheffield describe how advanced civilizations could extract energy from rotating black holes to meet their energy needs.

Aside from being pure science-fiction gold, the ability to harness a black hole to generate power would offer some pretty hefty advantages. As Dr. Crane described to Universe Today via email:

“An advanced civilization would want to harness a microscopic black hole because it could throw in matter and get out energy. It would be the ultimate energy source. In particular it could propel a starship large enough to be shielded to relativistic velocities.

None of the starship concepts NASA studied turned out to be viable… It might be the only possibility.”

In addition, the signatures associated with this sort of technological activity (aka. “technosignatures”) would indicate a very high level of advancement. Given the sheer energy requirements for creating an artificial black hole, plus the technical challenges associated with harnessing it, the process would be beyond anything less than a Type II civilization on the Kardashev Scale.

“To produce an artificial black hole we would need to focus a billion ton gamma ray laser to nuclear dimensions,” said Dr. Crane.

“It’s like making as many high tech nuclear bombs as there are automobiles on Earth. Just the scale of it is beyond the current world economy. A civilization which fully utilized the Solar System would have the resources.”

That’s not even the least of the technical challenges, most of which well are beyond what humanity is capable of. These include the sheer amount of power it would take to power the gamma-ray laser, where this energy would be stored, and how these emissions would be focused onto an atomic-sized space.

As Crane indicated, there are suggestions for how this could be done, but they remain highly speculative.

Aside from the concept itself, the idea of a black hole-powered civilization is also interesting because of the possibilities that it presents for SETI research.

As with other signs of technological activity (a.k.a. “technosignatures”), a civilization harnessing tiny, artificial black holes created with gamma ray lasers could be detectable thanks to a little thing known as “spill-over”.

This concept was described by Prof. Philip Lubin in a 2016 study, where he suggested that evidence of ETIs could be found by searching for signs of directed energy.

Consistent with Lubin’s own research involving lasers for planetary defense and laser propulsion (for NASA and as part of Breakthrough Starshot) Lubin suggested that errant flashes of laser energy (aka. “spill-over”) could indicate a technologically-advanced civilization.

In the same way, SETI researchers could rely on gamma-ray telescopes to search for signs of spill-over from gamma ray lasers. As Dr. Crane put it:

“If some advanced civilization already had such starships, current VHE gamma ray telescopes could detect it out to 100 to 1000 light years if we were in its beam.. They could be distinguished from natural sources by their steadily changing redshift over a period of years to decades. To investigate this astronomers would need to keep time series of frequency curves of the point-like gamma ray sources. This does not seem to be something they currently do.”

What is perhaps most exciting though is the fact that astronomers may have already found signs of some Type II Kardashev civilizations that use this type of method for energy production.

As Dr. Crane explained, several point-like gamma ray sources have been detected in our Universe for which no natural explanation has been given.

Future observations using space-based telescopes like the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST), and ground-based facilities like the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) and the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS), could help determine if these sources could actually be artificial in nature.

Coupled with next-generation instruments that have greater resolution and imaging capabilities, gamma-ray laser spill-over and other potential technosignatures could be out there, just waiting to be identified.

In the meantime, humanity still has a LONG way to go before it can begin to contemplate building this kind of technology.

Much like Dyson Spheres, Alderson Disks, Space Elevators, and the ability to move stars, this kind of Type II megaproject is just going to have to wait humanity can tackle a few smaller challenges. Something more our speed, like finding ways to settle on other planets in our Solar System, or learning how to use Earth’s resources sustainably!

Also, be sure to check out this cool and informative video by our friend, Isaac Arthur!

This article was originally published by Universe Today. Read the original original article.